My Comments on ABCNews.go Article and Black Wall Street

Back in the year 2009 is when I took a strong interest in one of the most fantastic accomplishments of Black Americans in this country. I called it my Black Wall Street Project and read and studied what these men and women accomplished under the most horrendous circumstances. I also studied what destroyed their successful businesses and burnt down thirty-three blocks of buildings and homes and killed over three hundred men, women and children, was the over 7500 racists white Tulsans who crossed the Frisco Railroad Tracks on June 1, 1921. I followed up my study with a historical novel, Fires of Greenwood: The Tulsa Riot of 1921 in 2013, and six years later with a screenplay, Defending Black Wall Street. Now, as we enter the last year before the one-hundredth acknowledgment of that disaster, a number of different celebrities have taken an interest in that long-held conspiracy of silence and are committed to documentaries on Black Wall Street. I invite you to read the article that appeared on ABCNews.go regarding the growing interest in this subject and my comments on how I believe the reenactment of those events should be handled.


Could little-known 1921 ‘Tulsa Race Massacre’ screenplay become big-budget Hollywood movie?
A project nominally associated with Bill Cosby is seeking support in Hollywood.
By Good Morning America
August 13, 2020, 5:01 AM 11 min read

Excavation begins in search for mass graves in Tulsa
Video IconArchaeologists and historians are beginning the dig to find victims of the 1921 “race massacre” in Tulsa, Oklahoma.

After being hidden away for nearly a century in the shadows of America’s collective memory, the Tulsa Race Massacre of 1921 has sharpened into a powerful cultural focal point, with multiple film projects underway — all vying for a June 2021 release to mark the centennial anniversary of one of the nation’s worst incidents of racial violence.

Cineflix is producing a scripted miniseries called “Black Wall Street,” directed by Dream Hampton of the “Surviving R. Kelly” documentary. NBA superstar Russell Westbrook has partnered with director Stanley Nelson for a documentary series, “Terror in Tulsa: The Rise and Fall of Black Wall Street.”

Basketball great LeBron James and Maverick Carter’s SpringHill Entertainment is working on a documentary directed by Salima Koroma. Singer John Legend — who partnered with actress Tika Sumpter several years ago to develop a scripted series based on Tulsa’s black community in 1921 — is reportedly aiming to revive interest in his project after it was rejected by Hulu in 2016.

Now, a Texas professor whose movie project is nominally associated with imprisoned comedian Bill Cosby, his wife Camille Cosby, and some of their Hollywood friends are publicly urging the other filmmakers to collaborate with his screenplay project.

San Antonio College political science professor Frederick Williams, author of “Fires of Greenwood: A Novel Based on the Tulsa Riot of 1921,” wants to produce a big-budget Hollywood film that immortalizes the key figures and the heroic efforts of many in Tulsa’s Greenwood neighborhood to defend the community they’d built for decades against an overwhelming mob of armed white Oklahomans.

It’s a proposal that has received a chilly reception given Cosby’s controversial history surrounding sexual assault. While the Cosbys are not directly involved in Williams’ project, it appears to have their tacit blessing.

Courtesy Frederick WilliamsSan Antonio College Professor Frederick Williams
Courtesy Frederick Williams

Camille Cosby has granted the project sole access to a series of interviews that her National Visionary Leadership Project conducted with eight survivors of the 1921 attack, according to Williams. Her longtime friend, veteran film and TV producer Judith Rutherford James is involved in the Williams project, and the professor and Bill Cosby share a publicist: Purpose PR founder Andrew Wyatt.

Wyatt told ABC News that he has not yet garnered any interest in the project from any of the big Hollywood studios, or from any of the other projects already underway.

“First and foremost, Bill and Camille Cosby are not part of this project — she’s just lending her work,” Wyatt said, acknowledging that his association with the couple as Bill Cosby’s public relations crisis manager through two felony sexual assault trials could be impacting the response the project has received in Hollywood.

“Maybe this is part of that, but it should not be. … Hollywood should look past that and take this project on to say ‘This is the right thing to do,” he said. “This is the right direction to take it in. I would like to think that I would be treated just like any major white public relations crisis management firm.”

‘Sensational reporting’

The attack — which stretched across two bloody days on May 31 and June 1 of 1921 — was sparked by a confrontation following the arrest of a young Black shoe shiner, Dick Rowland, who was accused of assaulting a white, female teenager named Sarah Page.

In 1905, oil was discovered in Tulsa, and within 15 years, it had become one of the most prosperous oil boom towns in the nation, home to hundreds of petroleum companies, numerous newspapers and a burgeoning community of Black Americans intent on finally being allowed to participate in the American Dream.

But for years, tensions had been building in Tulsa — with “sensational reporting by The Tulsa Tribune, resentment over black economic success, and a racially hostile climate,” according to the Tulsa Race Centennial Commission.

Rowland was taken into custody, and rumors spread through town that he would be lynched. A group of Black residents of Greenwood – some of them World War I veterans, according to historians – armed themselves and approached the courthouse to protect Rowland from the growing mob of white Oklahomans.

+ MORE: Tulsa marks grim anniversary of 1921 ‘race massacre’ as protests sweep the nation

Among the Black war vets was O.B. Mann, who owned a grocery store in Greenwood before enlisting in the U.S. Army and fighting in World War I with an all-Black infantry division in Germany’s Argonne Forest, according to Williams and other scholars.

Mann later retreated with fellow soldiers to take up strategic positions to defend Greenwood from an overwhelming mob of armed white residents who marched in and firebombed businesses and homes. Many Black residents were shot as they fled the burning buildings, according to historians and multiple newspaper accounts from the weeks and months that followed. Thousands of Black Greenwood residents were displaced, and as many as hundreds may have ultimately been killed, according to a 2001 Oklahoma state commission report.

In this June 2, 1921, file photo, injured and wounded men are being taken to hospital by National guardsmen after racially motivated riots, also known as the “Tulsa Race Massacre”, in Tulsa, Okla.
Hulton Deutsch/Corbis via Getty Images, FILE

Williams believes that, given the explosive growth of the Black Lives Matter movement in the wake of George Floyd’s death earlier this summer in Minnesota, the time is right for a positive, cinematic portrayal of the brave Black Americans who nurtured, built — and later defended — the sprawling Greenwood community back in 1921.

“Here’s my major concern,” Williams told ABC News in an interview last month. “Our kids need to see something good — see some heroes for a change, you know? So now we’re going to give them a massacre? What they’re going to see is a massacre — Black folks getting massacred again, Black folks getting killed. That does no good.”

+ MORE: Tulsa searches for remains of victims of 1921 ‘Black Wall Street’ race massacre

He went on, “When we wrote the script, we made sure that [when] Black kids and Black folks go see that movie, they’re going to come out of this thing thinking ‘Damn. Those were some good people that fought.'”

Another historic figure brought vividly to life in Williams’ novel is J.B. (for “John the Baptist”) Stradford, one of the founding fathers of “Black Wall Street” — an entrepreneur who graduated from Indiana University with a law degree and moved to Tulsa, acquiring vacant land in the Greenwood neighborhood that he later sold to a wave of Black Americans fleeing the Jim Crow laws that kept them impoverished in the South.

Black smoke billows from fires during the race riot of 1921, in Tulsa, Okla.
Getty Images, FILE

Massacre at The Alamo?

Williams compared his vision for the film to old movies about the 1836 battle at The Alamo, in which Texas settlers and frontiersmen were overwhelmed and killed by Mexican forces during the Texas Revolution. Texas ultimately won independence later that spring after the Battle of San Jacinto, but settlers who died at the Alamo, like frontiersman Davy Crockett and Alamo co-commander James Bowie, were immortalized through film and fiction as brave American folk heroes.

“You don’t ever hear them say ‘Massacre at the Alamo.’ What they do is they make Davy Crockett and Bowie heroes,” Williams said. “So the heroes are the people fighting inside, even though they got wiped out too. So that white kids can come out of there feeling good. We need to do that for our Black kids, man. They need something. They need something. They’re lost. And as an artist, that’s been my goal for years from a writer’s perspective.”

These are battles in a far larger campaign for civil rights that Williams and other members of an aging Black generation of Hollywood producers and power players – with Bill and Camille Cosby at its center – have championed.

Massacre at The Alamo?

Photograph of damage from the Tulsa Race Massacre, Tulsa, Okla., June 1921.
Oklahoma Historical Society/Getty Images

The groundbreaking “Cosby Show” debuted on NBC in 1984. In the late 1980s, it was the most popular show on U.S. television for five years running. Beyond reimagining the flagging sitcom format, it was the first national TV show to feature a stable, well-educated, two-parent African American family, according to biographer Ronald L. Smith, author of “Cosby, The Life of a Comedy Legend.”

Wyatt said Williams’ project is aimed at recognizing some of the heroic architects of Tulsa’s early 20th century “Black Wall Street” alongside the names of other key civil rights figures of the past century, like Frederick Douglass, Booker T. Washington, W.E.B. Dubois and Dr. Martin Luther King Jr.

“But you don’t see J.B. Stradford or O.B. Mann, OK?” Wyatt said. “This is a new form of education.'”

Representatives for the other filmmakers did not respond to requests for comment from ABC News.

The Term Massacre: A Misplaced Narrative

As this country becomes more involved with the one-hundredth year of the destruction of Black Wall Street by over 7500 white cowards who invaded that section of Tulsa, I am concerned that the emphasis will be poorly placed. It all evolves around the new narrative being used to bring attention to what happened that fateful day on June 1, 1921, Over the past few years, the designation has moved from Race Riot to Massacre. It certainly was not a race riot, but I feel emphasizing massacre is also misplaced. Let me make it clear that I am very much aware of the damage done by that cowardly crowd of vicious white Tulsans race haters. After ten years of research and having written a novel and a screenplay on the killing of over 300 men, women and children, and the burning of businesses and homes within at 33 block area, I am far from naïve as to the damage done. However, isn’t there something important that happened the day before the invasion? That something is the defense that the Black citizens of Greenwood mounted against the first attack by the cowards during the evening of May 31, and the brave Black veterans who crossed the Frisco Railroad Tracks and stood between the cowardly mob insisting that Dick Rowland be handed over to them and the courthouse where he was locked up.

My point is that I do not want for us to tolerate a bunch of white liberals, who finally have a conscience, to use what happened to Black Wall Street as a means to separate themselves from the cowards who carried out this dastardly act, by stressing the massacre as what is important. I am pretty much fed-up with the “oh those poor Negroes look what happened to them,” crowd who tend to dominate the narrative in these kinds of cases. I am tired of movies depicting blacks running scared of the evil white man. Instead, I am looking forward to stories and movies that show Black men, standing up and fighting back. In the movie Harriet, there are numerous scenes that show Blacks running scared, trying to escape the white slave hunters. That was appropriate for that particular movie, but not for any film that creates on screen what happened in Tulsa. We have an alternative to stressing the destruction, and that is to highlight the fighting Black men like O.B. Mann and the World War I Veterans, with John Williams and J.B. Stradford, who repelled the attack on the night of May 31, and were only finally defeated when the cowards used airplanes and over 7500 whites to attack them. A film that can also bring to life the many successful black men and women who built that vibrant, independent black community from 1906 to the destruction in 1921. Black women like Mabel Little who built a very successful hair salon and a restaurant and also Loula Williams, who managed the Williams Confectionery and the Dreamland Theater. There was also Andrew Smitherman, owner of the Tulsa Star, whose motto, printed on the front page of all his newspapers was, “You Push Me and I’ll Push You,” who wrote just how he felt and that was to challenge the bigotry and ugliness of the white Tulsans. And the few just named were the tip of the iceberg in the number of successful businesses owned by Blacks along Black Wall Street (originally titled Negro Wall Street by Booker T. Washington, but later changed to use the word Black when Negro no longer was in vogue).

Let us take a page out of white America and Hollywood’s treatment of the Alamo. Even though Davey Crockett, Jim Bowie and over 150 men were killed in that battle, you have never heard it referred to as the Alamo Massacre. What you have seen on screen depicting that defeat are creations of the perceived heroes. White America, after seeing the movies on the Alamo, could come out of the theater feeling good about their people. How about the defeat of General Custer? It was a massacre but is always referred to as “Custer’s Last Stand,” as a brave soldier fighting the evil Native Americans who attacked his troops. If that can be accomplished for the sake of young white children who want to feel proud of their history, why can’t we do the same for the millions of young black Americans. Let’s give them something to believe in, and not something to increase the anger they feel about being Black in America. If for the next ten months, leading up to the commemoration of those two days, all they read and hear is massacre, then we have done them a disservice. The term will dictate the narrative.

In the June 1941 issue of Crisis Magazine, and writing a review of Richard Wright’s, Native Son, Langston Hughes asked the question, “Where are the Black heroes in literature?” One of the greatest of all our cultural icons was alluding to the failure of Black writers to create heroes in their works. Hughes went on in that article to elaborate. “Where, in all our books is that compelling flame of spirit and passion that makes a man say, “I too am a hero because my race has produced heroes.”  Substitute literature for movies and the same question can be asked of us today. Where are all those heroes that our young can see and come out of the movie wanting to be like them. We, as Black Americans, have a great opportunity to accomplish that by taking control of the narrative as it pertains to the destruction of Black Wall Street. But we must be willing to step forward and let those, who now are so anxious to control that narrative, know that we will have nothing to do with an emphasis on the negative. We want to accentuate the positive, which is to highlight the heroes who stood up and protected their families, businesses and homes until the airplanes came.