The Real Scandal is “Scandal”

Image Courtesy of
Image Courtesy of

In a recent “New York Times” article, Alessandra Stanley labeled Shonda Rhimes as an angry Black woman. Stanley is referring to the Black female character that Shonda created in “Scandal” and the character in her new production “How to Get Away With Murder”. Since the latter has not yet aired, my comments refer only to Scandal. I do not perceive Olivia Pope, the character played by Kerry Washington, to be an angry Black woman, I perceive her as an immoral Black woman and that is more disturbing than the anger charge. Anger can be a legitimate emotion when applied in the proper context. James Baldwin wrote that to be Black in America is to be angry all the time. Of course he was referring to the dismal and appalling treatment Blacks had to endure in a segregated country.

However, there are no circumstances or situations in which immorality can be justified. If Shonda should be ashamed of any part of her creation, it is her portrayal of the Black woman in “Scandal.” As an artist who has the opportunity to portray the Black female for the entire world to view, she should feel compelled to create images that show Black women in a positive light. In his autobiography, “Here I Stand”, the great artist Paul Robeson commented on this subject. Referring to his responsibility as an artist, he wrote, “In the early days of my career as an actor, I shared what was then the prevailing attitude of Negro performers—that the content and form of a play or film scenario was of little or no importance to us. What mattered was the opportunity, which came so seldom to our folks, of having a part—any part—to play on the stage or in the movies; and for a Negro actor to be offered a starring role—well that was a rare stroke of fortune indeed. Later I came to understand that the Negro artist could not view the matter simply in terms of his individual interests, and that he had a responsibility to his people who rightfully resented the traditional stereotyped portrayals of Negroes on stage and screen.”

Evidently, Shonda and Kerry reject the advice from Robeson, and also ignore the stellar position taken by the great Cicely Tyson when she refused to play any role demeaning to the image of the Black woman. Dr. Maya Angelou’s tribute to the beauty of the Black woman in her poem “Phenomenal Woman” loses all its meaning to a Shonda and Kerry when they destroy that image in “Scandal.” They also insult the memory of the lovely Ruby Dee who insisted on playing roles that accentuated the positive image of the Black woman. There is nothing admirable about Olivia Pope; she may be strong but she certainly is not a beautiful person. Unfortunately, we cannot separate the Olivia Pope character from my beautiful Black sisters in real life. They become a part of that image because too often reality imitates fiction.

There is a history of courageous Black women who deserve to be treated with great respect and admiration. Shonda and Kerry have done immense damage to the memories of these women. Olivia Pope is no Shirley Chissolm, Fannie Lou Hamer, Ida B. Wells, or Michelle Obama. These were and still are great Black women who did not compromise their moral principals for power and money. They are the women our young girls need to see on television and all our sisters, who rush home just to see “Scandal”, should be reading about and using as examples of the images of the Black woman in America. Not a woman, who hates her father, and sleeps with a married white man for power and privilege.

Where Have All the Heroes Gone? or Should African American Literature serve as a vehicle to uplift the race and perpetuate a positive image of the culture?

Image Courtesy of: Studies in African American Literature
Image Courtesy of: Studies in African American Literature

In the June 1941, issue of Crisis Magazine, Langston Hughes asked the question, “Where are the Black heroes in our literature?” The greatest of all our cultural icons was alluding to the failure of Black writers to create heroes in their works. Hughes went on in that article to elaborate, “Where, in all our books is that compelling flame of spirit and passion that makes a man say, ‘I too am a hero because my race has produced heroes.’”

It is the responsibility of the artist to critique the literature of his or her time and determine if the writing will serve as a vehicle to uplift the race and perpetuate a positive image of the culture. Hughes obviously was not happy with the images portrayed through novels of his time, to include Bigger Thomas in Native Son. Even though Native Son was an excellent written novel and no doubt Richard Wright was one of the great artists of his time, it is difficult to view Bigger as anything other than a tragic depiction of the Black male.

The question then is why have Black writers failed to create positive images of the male when writing of the Black experience in this country? Dr. W.E.B. Du Bois argued that it was not the fault of Black writers but the fault of publishers not willing to publish works that portray the strong Black hero. In a speech given at the 1926 National Association for Advancement of Colored People’s national convention he raised the issue, “Suppose the only Negro who survived some centuries hence was the Negro painted by white Americans in the novels and essays they have written. What would people in a hundred years say of Black Americans?” His conclusion was that they would see only weak men and subservient women. DuBois went on to point out that, “In responding to material portraying positive images of Blacks, the publishers would often say, “It is not interesting to white folks. They want Uncle Toms, Topsies, good darkies and clowns.”

Essentially Black writers were limited in their ability to strike back at the false images painted of Black people and their culture. The only Black writers published were those willing to follow the rules established by the publishing houses. Twenty years later, Zora Neale Hurston observed that publishing companies used their control as a way to dictate the kind of stories from Black writers suitable for publication.

The constant barrage of negative portrayals of Blacks in the ante-bellum south and after the Civil War, right up to the present has had a devastating affect on the race. The irony is that segments of the Black population have internalized these images and now play them out in reality. That is clearly demonstrated through what is termed “Urban Street Fiction”. Much of the literature is nihilistic in theme and holds out no hope for the future. Writers of “Urban Street Fiction” write about the chaos with no consideration for the human dimension. The plots are built around, “you get yours and I’m going to get mine at any cost.” There is no redeeming value only an ugly reality feeding into an age-old belief system that Blacks must be contained because of their bestiality. If one reads these novels and internalizes them as a true depiction of the contemporary Black race, they would be inclined to believe the negative stereotypes painted over a hundred years ago. Many of these books are sitting on the library shelves and are available to children of all ages. How then is it possible to inculcate them with a positive and healthy image of their culture if it is depicted in such a pejorative manner? This is in no way an argument for censorship, but instead a plea for works that counter some of the negative writings.

How many times have you heard the saying, “Our youth are our future?” If then our children are our future don’t we have an obligation to give them an opportunity to succeed? But how can they possibly succeed if they are surrounded by negativity. Some of the rap music they listen to is negative. The urban fiction they read is negative. Often their home environment is negative, and their peer groups reek of negativity. Then how is it possible for them to ever enjoy a positive experience about who they are?

In that Crisis article, Hughes continued, “We have a need for books and plays that will encourage and inspire our youth, set for them examples and patterns of conduct, move and stir them to be forth-right, strong, clear-thinking and unafraid.” Consistent with Hughes’ advice, we must define ourselves for our children in order to alter the destructive direction in which our culture is going. Ralph Ellison, author of the great American classic, Invisible Man, wrote as early as 1944, “The solution to the problem confronting the Negro will be achieved when he (she) is able to define himself (herself) for what he (she) is and what he (she) desires to be.”

Prosperity Publications, an African-American owned publishing company, has taken on the tremendous responsibility to counter these negative portrayals of our race and culture through works that stress positive messages to the world. It is the company’s principal philosophy that knowledge of one’s heritage and culture is key to the sustainability of the culture. If a race has very little knowledge of their history, then they really do not know who they are and therefore are easy prey for those who produce this devastatingly dangerous literature. Again, Hughes addressed this problem, “The negative behaviors and altered mental states of lead characters in literary works (by Black authors) might leave future generations wondering if Black people lacked heroes.” Hughes’ observation in 1941 is still applicable today. A Spanish writer, Mario Vargas Llosa stated, “Literature is the window to view the soul of a people.” If much of our contemporary literature reflects the quality of our culture and our collective soul, then as publishers and writers, we have a great deal of work to do.

Prosperity Publications’ goal is to improve on images of Blacks in literature. Accepting Ralph Ellison’s challenge to define ourselves by telling our stories our way, we can begin to alter the destructive images of our race. With that as our goal, the company will publish works by and about the African American culture that accentuates the strength, beauty, and an enduring love generated by our ancestors for decades.

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